Invented by Dee Hock eg. Visa. An organization built out of independent agents, united by common goals and minimal protocols.
Designed to combine chaos and order or to get co-operation / co-ordination out of agents who may also be in conflict.
2008 : Visa to IPO? http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20080318/ts_alt_afp/uscompanyipofinancevisa;_ylt=AvxS8s36ebkq87V5w.jpuC2yBhIF
Compare TheAgeOfAmateurs, DecentralizedLeft
See also CreditCards